Pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability of the novel β‐hCG derived immunomodulatory compound, EA‐230

Article date: July 2019

By: Roger Groenendael, Rob Aarnoutse, Matthijs Kox, Lucas Eijk, Peter Pickkers in Volume 85, Issue 7, pages 1572-1584


EA‐230 is a newly developed synthetic linear tetrapeptide (AQGV) derived from the chorionic gonadotropin hormone (β‐hCG). We investigated the pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability of EA‐230 in healthy subjects using different administration strategies.


Double‐blind, randomized, placebo‐controlled, dose‐escalating phase I studies in healthy subjects using intravenous administration were conducted. In the single dosage study, 32 subjects were assigned to four single dosage groups (1, 3, 10 or 30 mg/kg). In the multiple dosage study, 24 subjects were assigned to three dosage groups (10, 20 or 30 mg/kg, thrice daily for 3 days). In the continuous dosage study, 24 subjects were assigned to three dosage groups (15, 30, or 90 mg/kg/hour for 2 hours). Pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability assessments were performed up to 14 days.


The highest dosage of EA‐230 (continuous infusion of 90 mg/kg/hour for 2 hours) showed more than proportional increases in exposure (Cmax136%; AUC0‐last137%), a large volume of distribution (geometric mean and 95% CI: 13 [3–58] L/kg), a high clearance rate (26 [15–43] L/h/kg), and a short half‐life (0.35 [0.13–1.0] minutes). EA‐230 was well tolerated and no safety concerns were observed.


These dose‐escalating phase I studies with different administration strategies reveal a pharmacokinetic profile of EA‐230 with a large volume of distribution and a short half‐life. Furthermore, EA‐230 was well tolerated and no safety issues emerged. These results have enabled further clinical development in a phase IIa trial assessing the pharmacodynamics of this compound during systemic inflammation described elsewhere in this issue.

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13942

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