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A randomized double‐blind, placebo‐controlled clinical phase IIa trial on safety, immunomodulatory effects and pharmacokinetics of EA‐230 during experimental human endotoxaemia

Article date: July 2019

By: Roger Groenendael, Matthijs Kox, Guus Leijte, Bouke Koeneman, Jelle Gerretsen, Lucas Eijk, Peter Pickkers in Volume 85, Issue 7, pages 1559-1571


EA‐230 is a human chorionic gonadotropin hormone‐derived linear tetrapeptide, developed for the treatment of systemic inflammation‐related disorders. EA‐230 has shown promising immunomodulatory and tissue‐protective effects in animals and an excellent safety profile in human phase I studies that we performed. The present phase IIa study follows‐up on these results by investigating the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of EA‐230 under systemic inflammatory conditions induced by experimental human endotoxaemia.


In this randomized, double blind, placebo‐controlled phase IIa study, systemic inflammation was induced by intravenous administration of Escherichia coli‐derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS). At t = 0 hours, 36 healthy male volunteers received 2 ng/kg LPS, followed by a 2‐hour continuous infusion of EA‐230 (15, 45 and 90 mg/kg/h, n = 8 per group) or placebo (n = 12).


EA‐230 was well tolerated and showed a favourable safety profile. Treatment with the highest dose of EA‐230 resulted in a significant attenuation of the LPS‐induced increase in plasma levels of inflammatory mediators interleukin (IL)‐6, IL‐8, IL‐1 receptor antagonist, monocyte chemoattractant protein‐1, macrophage inflammatory proteins‐1α and ‐1β, and vascular cell adhesion protein‐1 (% reduction of 48, 28, 33, 28, 14, 16 and 19 respectively, p < .01), and reduced fever (peak decrease from 1.8 ± 0.1°C to 1.3 ± 0.2°C, P < .05) and symptom scores (peak decrease from 7.4 ± 1.0 to 4.0 ± 1.2 points, P < .05). EA‐230 exhibited a very short elimination half‐life and a large volume of distribution in the highest dosage group (geometric mean and 95% confidence interval: 0.17 [0.12–0.24] hours and 2.2 [1.3–3.8] L/kg, respectively).


Administration of EA‐230 is safe and results in attenuation of the systemic inflammatory response in humans.

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13941

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