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Effects of cladribine tablets on heart rate, atrio‐ventricular conduction and cardiac repolarization in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis

Article date: July 2019

By: Robert Hermann, Jeffrey S. Litwin, Lena E. Friberg, Fernando Dangond, Alain Munafo in Volume 85, Issue 7, pages 1484-1494


Cladribine tablets have shown significant efficacy for the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis, a chronic and debilitating immune‐mediated disorder. This study was conducted to examine acute and/or cumulative effects of cladribine tablets 10 mg (3.5 or 5.25 mg/kg cumulative dose over 2 years) on heart rate, AV conduction and cardiac repolarization in patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS).


CLARITY was a 96‐week, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled, multicentre trial which evaluated the safety and efficacy of cladribine tablets 3.5 and 5.25 mg/kg body weight in patients with RRMS. A total of 135 patients were included in the ECG substudy, providing a total of 1534 post‐dose ECGs. ECG data were collected 15 minutes pre‐dose and between 0.5 and 3 hours post‐dose at pre‐study evaluation, study Day 1 and Weeks 5, 9, 13, 48 and 52.


For cladribine tablets 3.5 mg/kg, the maximum change in placebo‐adjusted post‐dose QTcF vs. visit‐baseline (BL) was −0.42 ms (90% CI: −3.61–4.44) at Week 1 (acute effects), and 3.20 ms (90% CI: −0.08–6.33) for cladribine tablets 5.25 mg/kg. The greatest observed differences in post‐dose QTcF vs. study BL occurred at Week 48 for both the 3.5 and 5.25 mg/kg doses of cladribine tablets with 5.99 ms (90% CI: 0.53–11.44) and 8.74 ms (90% CI: 3.18–14.31), respectively. No significant changes were observed in T‐wave morphology in either treatment group.


Cladribine tablets 3.5 mg/kg (approved dose in Europe/other regions) did not confer clinically meaningful effects on heart rate, AV conduction and ventricular repolarization.

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13919

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