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Treatment of exudative age‐related macular degeneration with aflibercept combined with pranoprofen eye drops or nutraceutical support with omega‐3: A randomized trial

Article date: May 2019

By: Francesco Semeraro, Elena Gambicordi, Anna Cancarini, Francesco Morescalchi, Ciro Costagliola, Andrea Russo in Volume 85, Issue 5, pages 908-913


The aim of this study was to determine whether a combination of intravitreal aflibercept (IVA) and pranoprofen eyedrops or nutraceutical support provides additional benefit over IVA monotherapy for the treatment of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in age‐related macular degeneration.


This was a prospective, randomized, pilot study in 60 patients with treatment‐naïve CNV. Patients were randomized 1:1:1 into three groups: aflibercept monotherapy (AM), aflibercept plus pranoprofen (AP) or aflibercept plus nutraceutical (AN) tablets containing multivitamin antioxidant and mineral supplementation plus omega‐3.


At 12 months, all groups showed significant improvement in both best‐corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central retinal thickness (CRT). The mean BCVA change from baseline to 12 months was −0.26 ± 0.06 LogMAR, −0.30 ± 0.06 LogMAR and −0.24 ± 0.04 LogMAR in the AM, AP and AN groups, respectively. The mean CRT change from baseline to 12 months was −76.9 ± 10.9 μm, −129 ± 19.9 μm and −105 ± 11.6 μm in the AM, AP and AN groups, respectively. The AN group required one less IVA injection than the AM group.


Compared with AM, both combination groups acted synergistically, although no significant benefits in BCVA were found over AM. Nutraceutical support with omega‐3 leads to a reduced need for IVA.

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13871

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