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Pharmacology Hall of Fame

Our Hall of Fame contains individuals who have played key roles in the development of pharmacology. Members nominated individuals based upon their distinction and peer recognition in science or long and valuable service to the Society.


Gertrude Elion

02 Jun 2016

Elected in 2016 Born on 23 January 1918 in New York City, New York, USA Died on 21 February 1999 in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USAAchievements In 1988, Gertrude received the Nobel Prize in Medicine together with her long-time boss and collaborator George Hitchings and Sir James Black ‘for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment’. She received her first degree in chemistry with distinction from a free college in New York when she was just 19. She had to...

Julius Axelrod

02 Jun 2016

Elected in 2016 Born on 30 May 1912 in New York City, New York, USA Died on 29 December 2004 in Rockville, Maryland, USA Achievements Axelrod shared the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the actions of neurotransmitters in regulating the metabolism of the nervous system ("discoveries concerning the humoral transmitters in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation"). These discoveries had a profound impact on...

Michael Rand

02 Jun 2016

Elected in 2016 Born on 19 August 1927 in Mildenhall, UK Died on 9 May 2002 in Victoria, Australia Achievements Rand was the first to publish an account of serotonin’s pharmacological actions, following its identification as the substance released from platelets during the blood clotting process. Having studied for his BSc in biological sciences and MSc in physiology at the University of Melbourne, he hadn’t planned further study in the sciences, but was moved by the early...

Otto Loewi

02 Jun 2016

Elected in 2016 Born on 3 June 1873 in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany Died on 25 December 1961 in New York, USA Achievements Regarded as the “father of neuroscience”, Loewi was jointly awarded the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for demonstrating the chemical transmission of nerve action. He is better known for how he came up with the idea that won the Nobel Prize than for the discovery itself – apparently, it came to him in a dream: “The night before...

R P ('Steve') Stephenson

02 Jun 2016

Elected in 2016. Born on 17 September 1925 in Milnsbridge, UK. Died on 24 April 2004 in Edinburgh, UK. Achievements Best known for his commitment to receptor theory, Steve's ground breaking paper in 1956, published in the British Journal of Pharmacology, was based on a study of the action of acetylcholine analogues on isolated tissues and introduced two novel concepts: spare receptors and efficacy. He proposed that the parameter, efficacy, determined the link between the &ldquo...

Alfred Joseph Clark

19 Nov 2015

Elected in 2015 Born on 19 August 1885 in Glastonbury, UK Died on 30 July 1941 in Edinburgh, UK Achievements Clark was the leading UK pharmacologist during the 1930s, whose ideas underpin much of the modern development of pharmacology His enthusiasm for pharmacology came from his training in Natural Sciences and medicine, after which he took up research fellowships leading to appointment as lecturer in pharmacology at Guy’s Hospital in 1913 At the end of World War I, he was...

Eleanor Zaimis

19 Nov 2015

Elected in 2015 Born on 16 June 1914 in Galati, Romania Died on 3 October 1982 in Athens, Greece Achievements Eleanor — Nora to her friends — made substantial contributions in neuromuscular and cardiovascular pharmacology, and her work led to the development of methonium compounds and the discoveries of pentamethonium and hexamethonium that lowered blood pressure and decamethonium, the first synthetic neuromuscular blocker, for which she received the Lasker Award She was...

Joshua Harold Burn

19 Nov 2015

Elected in 2015 Born on 6 March 1892 in Barnard Castle, County Durham, UK Died on 13 July 1981, Oxford, UK Achievements Burn worked on the internal control of the body by the auto(matic)nomic nervous system, carrying out seminal work on the release of noradrenaline from sympatheric nerves and introducing the controversial Burn-Rand hypothesis He was known for the simplicity for his research, on which he wrote: “methods are good if they are accurate, rapid and simple, and bad...

Sir David Jack

19 Nov 2015

Elected in 2015 Born on 22 February 1924 in Markinch, UK Died on 8 November 2011 in Hertfordshire, UK Achievements Jack’s career started as an apprentice at Boots the Chemists, before he took a joint honours degree in Pharmacy and Pharmacology at Glasgow University and the Royal Technical College (now Strathclyde University) and a PhD from the University of London In 1961, Jack joined Allen and Hanburys (which had been recently acquired by Glaxo Holdings) as Head of Research...

Sir William Paton

19 Nov 2015

Elected in 2015 Born on 5 May 1917 in Hendon, UK Died on 17 October 1993 in Oxford, UKAchievements Paton was “marked for distinction” at an early age: following his graduation with a first class degree from New College, Oxford, he won gold medals during his clinical training at University College Hospital, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society before the age of 40, and was awarded the Gairdner Foundation International Award at the age of 42 He was responsible discovering...

Bill Bowman

29 Sep 2014

Elected in 2014 Born on 26 April 1930 in Carlisle, UK Died on 18 July 2013 in Rockcliffe, UK Achievements Inspired by his pharmacist father, Bowman began his academic career with a first class degree specializing in pharmacology from the London School of Pharmacy, followed by a PhD from the University of Oxford He established the Department of Pharmacology at the new University of Strathclyde in 1966, putting Strathclyde firmly on the pharmacological map. He became successively...