In 2006, in London, six young men almost died in a private clinic after receiving an immunomodulatory drug, TGN1412, which caused severe inflammatory reactions in a first-in-man study. Earlier this month, in France, at least five men were injured (one of whom subsequently died) in a private clinic after being given an FAAH inhibitor in its first study with multiple-dosing. Thankfully, such devastating outcomes to clinical trials are extremely rare events.
Current EU regulations state that data from early human experiments are commercially sensitive and, therefore, may be kept outside the public domain. However, in this circumstance, we believe that patient safety should outrank commercial sensitivity. A better understanding amongst the scientific community of the nature of the drug, and the way in which it was dosed, would be helpful, even at this early stage, in preventing further harm to volunteers in other clinical trials, which may require adaptation or even discontinuation based on this knowledge. An early release of data from the manufacturer is crucial.
The aircraft industry has an outstanding safety record, based on sharing information about accidents and near-misses and, if necessary, grounding planes until the problem is understood and resolved. We believe a similar approach is necessary in the field of clinical research on new medicines.
As experts in the field of drug discovery and development, drug safety assessment and early clinical trials, pharmacologists can contribute to diagnosing the causes of – and preventing future instances of – serious adverse reactions. We recommend release of the study design and protocol, the full Investigation Medicinal Product Dossier (IMPD) and the batch release data for such studies, at the earliest possible stage. This level of transparency is critical to maximise patient safety in the future and should outweigh considerations of commercial confidentiality.
We believe these essential improvements complement the UK Pharmaceutical Industry’s continued focus on patient safety in clinical trials, and would be in line with Sir Gordon Duff’s report from 2006 in response to the TGN412 clinical trial – in particular the report’s third recommendation that “developers of medicines, research funding bodies and regulatory authorities should expedite the collection of information from unpublished pre-clinical studies relevant to the safety of human exposure…In the interests of safety, we believe that the ultimate goal should be an open access database…”.
Steve Alexander, Associate Professor of Molecular Pharmacology, University of Nottingham & Chair, International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology Committee on Receptor Nomenclature and Drug Classification (NC-IUPHAR)
Adam Cohen, Director, Centre for Human Drug Research, and Professor of Clinical Pharmacology, Leiden University Medical Centre, The Netherlands & Editor-in-Chief, British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Sir Munir Pirmohamed, David Weatherall Chair of Medicine, University of Liverpool & Vice President – Clinical, British Pharmacological Society
David Webb, Christison Professor of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Edinburgh, & President, British Pharmacological Society
About the British Pharmacological Society
The British Pharmacological Society is a charity with a mission to promote and advance the whole spectrum of pharmacology. Founded in 1931, the Society now leads the way in the research and application of pharmacology around the world. It is a global community at the heart of pharmacology, with over 3,500 members from more than 60 countries worldwide.
A track record of supporting transparency in clinical trials
The British Pharmacological Society is proud of its ongoing and unqualified commitment to the principles of transparency in clinical trials, which has been a central theme of its collaborative work with organisations in health and commercial life science settings for a number of years.
For further information, please contact:
Katharine Steer, Head of Communications and Membership, +44(0) 7557 400 327
Sophia Griffiths, Communications Manager, +44(0) 7786 552 498